Etna (Italy)

Status Eruption Eruption 2019 3295m
Stratovolcano(es) (Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km))

Etna

Mount Etna, towering above Catania, Sicily's second largest city, has one of the world's longest documented records of historical volcanism, dating back to 1500 BCE. Historical lava flows of basaltic composition cover much of the surface of this massive volcano, whose edifice is the highest and most voluminous in Italy. The Mongibello stratovolcano, truncated by several small calderas, was constructed during the late Pleistocene and Holocene over an older shield volcano. The most prominent morphological feature of Etna is the Valle del Bove, a 5 x 10 km horseshoe-shaped caldera open to the east. Two styles of eruptive activity typically occur, sometimes simultaneously. Persistent explosive eruptions, sometimes with minor lava emissions, take place from one or more summit craters. Flank vents, typically with higher effusion rates, are less frequently active and originate from fissures that open progressively downward from near the summit (usually accompanied by Strombolian eruptions at the upper end). Cinder cones are commonly constructed over the vents of lower-flank lava flows. Lava flows extend to the foot of the volcano on all sides and have reached the sea over a broad area on the SE flank.

Mount Etna is Europe's highest volcano, towering above the city of Taormina on its NE flank. Etna claims one of the world's longest documented historical records, dating back to the 2nd millenium BCE. Historical lava flows cover much of the surface of this massive, 60 x 40 km wide basaltic stratovolcano, and extend to the sea. Eruptions occur both from persistently active summit craters and intermittently from flank fissures and cones.

Photo by Jean-Claude Tanguy, 1991 (University of Paris).

Last updated 2019-09-15 03:00:02

Latest activity

STROMBOLIAN EXPLOSIONS OBSERVED AT NE CRATER OBS VA DTG

Toulouse VAAC - 2019-09-09 06:05:00 UTC ()

ONGOING ERUPTION WITH NEGLIGEABLE ASH EMISSION OBS VA DTG

Toulouse VAAC - 2019-08-07 05:36:00 UTC ()