Merapi (Indonesia)

Status Unrest Eruption 2019 2910m
Stratovolcano (Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km))

Merapi

Merapi, one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, lies in one of the world's most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta. It is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. Growth of Old Merapi during the Pleistocene ended with major edifice collapse perhaps about 2000 years ago, leaving a large arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Subsequently growth of the steep-sided Young Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent eruptive activity, began SW of the earlier collapse scarp. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities during historical time.

Merapi stratovolcano in central Java is capped by an unvegetated, growing lava-dome complex. The modern edifice of Merapi, at the left in this view, is constructed to the SE of the arcuate scarp on the right formed by destruction of the older Batulawang volcano. Merapi is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. Periodic collapse of its growing lava dome has produced pyroclastic flows and lahars that have devastated populated areas below the volcano.

Photo by Yustinus Sulistiyo, 1994 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

Last updated 2019-10-19 04:30:04

Latest activity

Infografis Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 18 Oktober 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/41rJmUyEgM

BPPTKG - 2019-10-19 04:15:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas G. #Merapi periode pengamatan 18/10/2019 pukul 18:00 s/d 19/10/2019 pukul 06:00 WIB Tidak ada guguran lava yang teramati pada periode ini. Laporan lengkap bisa dilihat di https://t.co/MwnToSUmxb #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018

BPPTKG - 2019-10-18 23:16:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas G. #Merapi periode pengamatan 18/10/2019 pukul 06:00 - 18:00 WIB Tidak ada guguran lava yang teramati pada periode ini. Laporan lengkap bisa dilihat di https://t.co/MwnToSUmxb #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018

BPPTKG - 2019-10-18 11:51:00 UTC ()

Selamat sore #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi tanggal 11-17 Oktober 2019. ⁣ ⁣ #Statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/D5m242vKwZ

BPPTKG - 2019-10-18 10:51:00 UTC ()

Halo #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 17 Oktober 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/MeE1z42rlY

BPPTKG - 2019-10-18 03:08:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas G. #Merapi periode pengamatan 17/10/2019 pukul 18:00 s/d 18/10/2019 pukul 06:00 WIB Tidak ada guguran lava yang teramati pada periode ini. Laporan lengkap bisa dilihat di https://t.co/MwnToSUmxb #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018

BPPTKG - 2019-10-18 02:04:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas G. #Merapi periode pengamatan 17/10/2019 pukul 06:00-18:00 WIB. Tidak teramati guguran lava secara visual pada periode ini. Laporan lengkap bisa dilihat di https://t.co/MwnToSUmxb #status waspada sejak 21 Mei 2018

BPPTKG - 2019-10-17 11:58:00 UTC ()

Selamat siang #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 16 Oktober 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/NOxupXbZd4

BPPTKG - 2019-10-17 03:30:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 16/10/2019 pukul 06:00 s/d 18:00 WIB. Tidak ada guguran lava yang terpantau secara visual pada periode ini. Laporan lengkap bisa dilihat di https://t.co/WEs0sX6UDD. #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018

BPPTKG - 2019-10-16 11:15:00 UTC ()

Selamat siang #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 15 Oktober 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/4pYNslJTPo

BPPTKG - 2019-10-16 05:59:00 UTC ()

Volcano Indonesia