Merapi (Indonesia)

Status Unrest Eruption 2019 2910m
Stratovolcano (Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km))

Merapi

Merapi, one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes, lies in one of the world's most densely populated areas and dominates the landscape immediately north of the major city of Yogyakarta. It is the youngest and southernmost of a volcanic chain extending NNW to Ungaran volcano. Growth of Old Merapi during the Pleistocene ended with major edifice collapse perhaps about 2000 years ago, leaving a large arcuate scarp cutting the eroded older Batulawang volcano. Subsequently growth of the steep-sided Young Merapi edifice, its upper part unvegetated due to frequent eruptive activity, began SW of the earlier collapse scarp. Pyroclastic flows and lahars accompanying growth and collapse of the steep-sided active summit lava dome have devastated cultivated lands on the western-to-southern flanks and caused many fatalities during historical time.

Merapi stratovolcano in central Java is capped by an unvegetated, growing lava-dome complex. The modern edifice of Merapi, at the left in this view, is constructed to the SE of the arcuate scarp on the right formed by destruction of the older Batulawang volcano. Merapi is one of Indonesia's most active volcanoes. Periodic collapse of its growing lava dome has produced pyroclastic flows and lahars that have devastated populated areas below the volcano.

Photo by Yustinus Sulistiyo, 1994 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

Last updated 2019-12-10 04:30:04

Latest activity

Selamat siang #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 9 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/UGDtyS4rH7

BPPTKG - 2019-12-10 04:29:00 UTC ()

Infografis Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 8 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. #StatusWaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/IiT7HpiSwJ

BPPTKG - 2019-12-09 03:36:00 UTC ()

Halo #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 6 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/PpCRprxcMB

BPPTKG - 2019-12-07 07:33:00 UTC ()

Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi tanggal 29 November-5 Desember 2019. ⁣ ⁣ - Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). ⁣ - Rekomendasi jarak bahaya 3 km dari puncak. Di luar radius tsb masyarakat dapat beraktivitas seperti biasa. ⁣ ⁣ #Statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 #BPPTKG https://t.co/sU9BO4CmDq

BPPTKG - 2019-12-06 10:05:00 UTC ()

Selamat pagi #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 5 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/Bye5mXj0sA

BPPTKG - 2019-12-06 04:30:00 UTC ()

Selamat pagi #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 4 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/diWejI0lae

BPPTKG - 2019-12-05 03:30:00 UTC ()

Infografis Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 3 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/IPfe0Wz0vv

BPPTKG - 2019-12-04 02:01:00 UTC ()

Selamat siang #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 2 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/1xBePjR26B

BPPTKG - 2019-12-03 05:19:00 UTC ()

Selamat pagi #WargaMerapi, Berikut ini kami sampaikan Laporan Aktivitas Gunung #Merapi periode pengamatan 1 Desember 2019 pukul 00:00-24:00 WIB. Tingkat aktivitas Waspada (Level II). #statuswaspada sejak 21 Mei 2018 https://t.co/OSmXWu5AZZ

BPPTKG - 2019-12-02 01:51:00 UTC ()

Terjadi erupsi G. Merapi pada hari Minggu, 17 November 2019, pukul 10:46 WIB dengan tinggi kolom abu teramati ± 1000 m di atas puncak (± 3968 m di atas permukaan laut). Kolom abu teramati berwarna putih hingga kelabu dengan intensitas sedang hingga tebal ke arah barat. Erupsi ini terekam di seismograf dengan amplitudo maksimum 70 mm dan durasi 155 detik. - dibuat oleh Yulianto

PVMBG - 2019-11-17 03:46:00 UTC ()