Taal (Philippines)

Status Eruption Eruption 2020 311m
Caldera (Subduction zone / Continental crust (> 25 km))

Taal

Taal is one of the most active volcanoes in the Philippines and has produced some of its most powerful historical eruptions. Though not topographically prominent, its prehistorical eruptions have greatly changed the landscape of SW Luzon. The 15 x 20 km Talisay (Taal) caldera is largely filled by Lake Taal, whose 267 km2 surface lies only 3 m above sea level. The maximum depth of the lake is 160 m, and several eruptive centers lie submerged beneath the lake. The 5-km-wide Volcano Island in north-central Lake Taal is the location of all historical eruptions. The island is composed of coalescing small stratovolcanoes, tuff rings, and scoria cones that have grown about 25% in area during historical time. Powerful pyroclastic flows and surges from historical eruptions have caused many fatalities.

Taal caldera, seen here from its NW rim, is a 15 x 20 km caldera of Pleistocene and Holocene age. Volcano Island, in the north-central part of Lake Taal, has been the site of all historical eruptions at Taal volcano. The island is constructed of coalescing small stratovolcanoes, tuff rings, and scoria cones. Powerful phreatomagmatic explosive eruptions have occurred from several locations on the 5-km-wide Volcano Island and have produced pyroclastic surges that have made Taal the most deadly volcano of the Philippines.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1978 (U.S. Geological Survey).

Last updated 2020-01-19 00:30:04

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ERUPTION FL050 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200119/0005Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-19 00:17:00 UTC ()

REFER TO ADVISORIES ISSUED BY VAAC TOKYO EST VA DTG

Darwin VAAC - 2020-01-18 19:44:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL050 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200118/1925Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-18 19:37:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL040 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200118/0804Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-18 08:14:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL030 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200118/0642Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-18 06:55:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL040 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200118/0352Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-18 04:03:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL020 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200117/1558Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-17 16:09:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL020 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200117/1211Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-17 12:25:00 UTC ()

REFER TO ADVISORIES ISSUED BY VAAC TOKYO EST VA DTG

Darwin VAAC - 2020-01-17 08:30:00 UTC ()

ERUPTION FL030 EXTD SW REPORTED AT 20200117/0657Z OBS VA DTG

Tokyo VAAC - 2020-01-17 07:06:00 UTC ()