Terceira (Portugal)

Status Unknown Eruption 2000 1023m
Stratovolcano(es) (Rift zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km))

Terceira

Terceira Island contains four stratovolcanoes constructed along a prominent ESE-WNW-trending fissure zone that cuts across the island. Historically active Santa Barbara volcano at the western end of the island is truncated by two calderas. The youngest of these formed about 15,000 years ago. Comenditic lava domes fill and surround the caldera. Pico Alto lies north of the fissure zone in the north-central part of the island and contains a Pleistocene caldera largely filled by lava domes and lava flows. Guilherme Moniz caldera lies along the fissure zone immediately to the south, and 7-km-wide Cinquio Picos caldera at the SE end of the island is the largest in the Azores. Historical eruptions have occurred from Pico Alto, the fissure zone between Pico Alto and Santa Barbara, and from submarine vents west of Santa Barbara. Most Holocene eruptions have produced basaltic-to-rhyolitic lava flows from the fissure zone transecting the island.

The Monte Brasil pyroclastic cone rises above the historic city of Angra do Heroísmo on the south-central coast of Terceira Island. Terceira contains four stratovolcanoes constructed along a prominent ESE-WNW-trending fissure zone that cuts across the island. Historically active Santa Barbara volcano at the western end of the island is truncated by two calderas. Historical eruptions at Terceira have occurred from Pico Alto, the fissure zone between Pico Alto and Santa Barbara, and from submarine vents west of Santa Barbara.

Photo by Luís A. da Silveira, 2007 (Wikimedia Commons).

Last updated 2019-08-03 19:28:03

Camera (auto update every 1 minute)
Latest activity