Wurlali (Indonesia)

Status Normal Eruption 1892 868m
Stratovolcano (Subduction zone / Oceanic crust (< 15 km))


Wurlali volcano, also known as Damar, is the SW-most historically active volcano in the Banda arc. The andesitic stratovolcano was constructed at the northern end of a 5-km-wide caldera on the eastern side of Damar Island in the Banda Sea. Fumarolic activity occurs in the twin summit craters and on the SE flanks, producing exploitable sulfur deposits. An explosive eruption in 1892 is the only known historical activity.

Wurlali volcano (also referred to as Damar), seen here from Cape Wilhelmus on the north, is part of Indoneisia's Banda Island chain. The 868-m-high stratovolcano was formed in the northern part of a 5-km-wide caldera, and has twin summit craters. During historical time only a single explosive eruption occurred, in 1892 from the summit crater.

Photo by K. Sumaryano, 1994 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

Last updated 2019-08-04 00:28:02

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